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Expert Coaching: Replicating Expertise
Advanced Coaching Martyn Carruthers

Online Help, Counseling & Therapy

This is not a manual - it's an outline of how I can help people learn quickly. This maps or represent some of our skills. Yet a map may be frustrating if you feel lost and you want immediate solutions for pressing problems.

Expert Modeling 1 . Expert Modeling 2 . Expert Modeling 3 . Training

What is Expert Behavioral Modeling?

Technological breakthroughs are rarely matched by increased human competence. There is always a time lag. And, as technology advances, many people feel left behind. We can help people reverse this unpleasant trend by aligning human learning with technological innovation for increased competence and productivity.

A defining feature of expertise is unconscious competence - in which people can let their bodies or subconscious minds do most of the work. Consider riding a bicycle. Maybe you haven't ridden a bike for years, yet if you rode a bicycle as a child, probably you still have the skills of balance and coordination immediately available - even though you may be unable to explain to someone how to stay balanced on two thin wheels. It's much easier to demonstrate.

We train people to develop unconscious competence by modeling and duplicating the beliefs, values, attitudes, heuristics, mental processes and physical activities that characterize expertise. Copying external behavior is relatively easy - just watch and imitate. We help people duplicate inner behavior ... expertise!

Expert information is usually distributed throughout a system. It's not in one place. Instead of collecting as many data as possible, we collect and integrate selected information, and then interpret it for well-defined purposes. First we define the goals - and then determining what knowledge to retrieve and how to use this knowledge ... in what sequence.

Many systems have rules about members discussing and interpreting the rules, hence the requisite systemic analysis may only be possible from an external agency. Members of a human system usually avoid displaying their ignorance about their system! The real value of our contributions to couples, families and organizations is to evaluate their systems without being inhibited by their rules.

In our Expert Modeling we combine systemic coaching, accelerated learning, value theory, typological analysis, behavioral psychology, management science and chaos theory. Let's start with some basics.

What is Learning?

People learn as they acquire experience. We help people model their acquired experience so that other people can replicate the condensed experience faster and more efficiently.

  1. Adaptive learning - you learn to adapt (or react) to your changing environment
  2. Generative learning - you learn not only to adapt - you also learn to change how to perceive (or assess or measure) your changing environment
  3. Evolutionary learning - you not only learn how to act and perceive, you also learn how to change your identity (or transform or transcend) to survive in your changing environment

You may call your remembered experience knowledge - abstract summaries of your experience. Gaining and managing knowledge is a multi-level process of capturing experience and structuring it for future use. (See knowledge management).

Expert Modeling is an ESSENTIAL component of Systemic Coaching

Outer & Inner Modeling

Outer behavior (physiology) can be directly observed and imitated. Eliciting inner behavior requires intensive interviews. Inner behavior includes identity, values, beliefs, strategies, sensory acuity and metaprograms, which (if we can share an appropriate language) can be synthesized into models of competence that can be tested and streamlined.

Our Expert Modeling identifies, decodes and duplicates process competence. (Most educators simply duplicate content competence). Some key elements of our Expert Modeling are:

  • Identity - perception of self, purpose and sense of life
  • Beliefs - perceived rules of causality and appropriateness
  • Heuristics - strategies for solving new or unknown problems
  • Attention - moment by moment focus of subjective attention
  • Relationships - conceptual representations of self with other
  • Values - abstractions of importance - things that we seek or avoid
  • Strategies - sequences of actions and subjective sensory experiences
  • Sensory acuity - ability to represent and discriminate sensory information
  • Physiology - posture, pulse rate, muscle tone, blood pressure, balance etc
  • Metaprograms - patterns of mental processing, behavior, attention and thinking


Generative & Integrative Modeling

Active elicitation of modeling data is complete when all relevant strategies of an expert are known. A basic expert model may be used "as-is"; or an expert model may be streamlined (generative modeling) or a group of expert strategies may be combined (integrative modeling).

When we are modeling an expert system, our work includes:

  • Model the system and sub-systems as sets of entities
  • Formalize, list and describe the phenomena for each entity
  • Formalize the control of production flow and information flow
  • Test every step and check whether the overall strategy is effective
  • Prepare a simulation protocol using simulation results as propositions
  • Systemic diagnosis to define the system, its context and its relationships
  • Goal path analysis to define the desired changes and their consequences

Expert Modeling - Summary

Our Expert Modeling transfers key aspects of competence. It also enables managers to recognize and select people with beliefs, values and strategies similar to those of experts - and coach these people to develop competence quickly, and retain expertise longer.

 Expert Modeling 1 . Expert Modeling 2 . Expert Modeling 3 . In-House Training

You can request our Expert Modeling to improve individual and team performance, employee selection, equipment design and to reduce training duration.

Online Help, Relationship Counseling & Soulwork Therapy

I thought you were just another therapist - but you were not just. Not even. Not only.

Plagiarism is theft. Copyright Martyn Carruthers 2003-2018
All rights reserved

If you like our work, please link to us. If you know someone who might benefit,
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For online help, email us at:

Soulwork systemic coaching in America & Hawaii


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Have You Suffered Enough?

 Where are you now? Understand your emotions, fixations and enmeshments
What do you hope for? Know your goals and stop sabotaging yourself
Do you feel resourceful? Learn to develop your inner resources
Do emotions block you? Relationship problems and mentor damage
Do your beliefs limit you? Change limiting beliefs and end dependence
Do you feel connected? Resolve identity issues to recover lost resources
Is your partner happy? Build healthy partnership (or separate peacefully)
Are your children healthy? Happy parents better manage family problems
Do you want team success? Team leaders and their teams develop together
Do you have complex goals? Specialty coaching, counseling & therapy

Plagiarism is theft. Copyright Martyn Carruthers 1996-2018  All rights reserved. Soulwork Systemic Coaching was primarily developed by Martyn Carruthers to help people solve emotional problems and relationship conflicts to achieve their goals. These concepts and strategies are for general knowledge only. Consult a physician about medical conditions and before changing medical treatment. Don't steal intellectual property ... get permission to post, publish or teach Martyn's work - email